Child Abuse and Neglect, Maltreatment, & Foster Care

  • U.S. Department of Health & Human Services – Administration of Children & Families
    • National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4), 2004-2009 In collaboration with the Children’s Bureau, the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation is conducting the Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4). The National Incidence Studies have been conducted approximately once each decade, beginning in 1974, in response to requirements of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act. Although the Children’s Bureau collects annual state-level administrative data on official reports of child maltreatment, the NIS studies are designed to estimate more broadly the incidence of child maltreatment in the United States by including both cases that are reported to the authorities as well as those that are not. A unique contribution of the NIS has been the use of a common definitional framework for classifying children according to types of maltreatment as well as the severity of maltreatment.
    • History of the National Incidence Study Written by Dr. Andrea J. Sedlak and sponsored by the various U.S. governmental agencies charged with the protection and oversight of child welfare, the History of the National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect is an insightful 78 page document providing insider knowledge on the methodologies and execution methods that went into the massive undertaking of tracking and documenting the hundreds of thousands of abuse and neglect cases over the now decades old study.
  • Child Maltreatment Report, Annual The Children’s Bureau develops the annual Child Maltreatment reports, which include data provided by the states to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Systems
  • Centers for Disease Control Violence Prevention In 1979, violent behavior was identified by the U.S. Surgeon General as a key public health priority. Shortly thereafter, in 1980, CDC began studying patterns of violence. These early activities grew into a national program to reduce the death and disability associated with injuries outside the workplace. In 1992, CDC established the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) as the lead federal organization for violence prevention. The Division of Violence Prevention (DVP) is one of three divisions within NCIPC. The Division's mission is to prevent injuries and deaths caused by violence.
  • Foster Care Report Collected and released annually as mandated by federal law, the annual report on foster care organizes the admission rates, release rates, reunification rates, as well as a variety of other rates on other basic facets of foster care in the United States into easily understandable statistics that continually reveal our ever pressing needs to continue to improve the living conditions of the progeny that aren’t able to receive proper care from their biological relatives.
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway: Foster Care The information gateway is the Administration of Children and Families’ gateway to the world, providing, amongst other mandated reports, the most up-to-date and recent statistics on the basic facets of foster care.
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway: Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities This 11 page report on the statistics of child fatalities in the United States as a result of neglect and abuse tells a stunning fact about our continued need to address the subject of death as a result of these misdeeds, dark and melancholic as they may be, as well as the continued need to eliminate the ripples they send throughout society.
    • Child fatalities are the most tragic consequence of maltreatment. During 2008, an estimated 1,740 children died from abuse or neglect in the United States—a rate of 2.33 deaths per 100,000 children. Use the following resources to find additional information on the prevalence of child fatalities.
  • Child Welfare Outcomes In accordance with the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997, the Child Welfare Outcomes Report tracks state and local agencies’ abilities to ensure the welfare of children under their care through seven key factors, including but not limited to the ability to reduce time in foster care without reentry, reduce the incidents of child abuse/neglect in foster care, and the reduce the amount of children being placed into group homes or other miscellaneous governmental institutions.
  • U.S. Center for Disease Control
    • Adverse Childhood Experiences Study Conducted by CDC doctors, the Adverse Childhood Experiences study is a nearly one-of-a-kind project, with over 17,000 willing and able Kaiser Permanente patients participating over a span of two years from 1995 to 1997. The statistics presented by the study shed light on the correlation between a child’s adverse experiences, which range anywhere from experiencing a divorce to being sexually abused as an adolescent, and adopted health-risk behaviors as an adult such as abusing one’s own children or developing an alcohol dependency issue.
  • Understanding Child Maltreatment In accordance with its goals of educating citizens in order to fight disease, the CDC has organized two generalized one page documents summarizing the common issues we face in fighting child maltreatment and the numbers associated with those issues.
  • Child Maltreatment Surveillance: Uniform Definitions While providing no organized statistics of its own, the Child Maltreatment Surveillance report is a vital document to any practicing researcher, psychologist, psychiatrist, or statistician. Amongst other topics, the report addresses the needs for uniform definitions on emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and all the independent and dependent variables associated with them that goes into making a scientific and factual report on child maltreatment.

Miscellaneous Organizations & Case Studies

  • Child Abuse Statistics, Research and Resources by Jim Hopper, Ph.D. Written by Harvard Medical School Psychologist Jim Hopper, his webpage serves as a true testament to his dedication to education and enlightenment. The webpage covers everything from Administration of Children and Families statistics on child abuse to overlooked statistics formulated by United Nations committees on child safety. In addition to the statistics he provides, Dr. Hopper shares his insight into the repercussions of child abuse and the fragility of human formulated statistics themselves
  • National Data Archives on Child Abuse & Neglect The National Data Archive on Child Abuse & Neglect is a massive undertaking by Cornell University with the designed goal of allowing students, practicing clinicians, and researchers everywhere to access an enormous wealth of information about child abuse and neglect for the purpose of secondary analysis. The database organizes and makes available nearly every government report available on child safety, as well as a number of leading research pieces about various aspects of child safety and their resultant outcomes that have had impacts on the field of Psychology.
  • Child Well-Being Index

    Since 2004, the CWI has been released annually.  These reports both reflect the overall well-being of children in the U.S. and measure how trends in specific areas of well-being have changed each year since the base year of 1975.

    By looking at the CWI trends from 1975 to the present – a total of 37 years – we see that there are some areas of improvement, but there are also areas of significant decline in children’s well-being.

    This year’s report, the 2013 Child Well-Being Index tells us that though children and youth are more connected to their community and social institutions, that teenage births are down, as are violent crime victimization rates, educational attainment has basically flatlined, and all improvements in the economic well-being of families with children under the age of 18 since 1975 have been virtually wiped out.

  • The Every Child Matters Education Fund Established in 2001, the Every Child Matters Education Fund is is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, non-partisan organization working to make public investments in children, youth, and families a national political priority.
  • The Health and Well-Being of Children of Immigrants Written by researchers from the Urban Institute and worked on in tandem with a variety of well-established institutions that promote child welfare, the Health and Well-Being of Children of Immigrants covers the pros, and cons, of being a child of immigrants in the modern United States. The report covers a wide spectrum of issues facing those children; including the economic hardships they are much more likely to face as well as the struggle to maintain a balance between the cultures of their parents and the cultures of their peers. However, the report most clearly illustrates the need to continue to pay special attention to the education and safety of both immigrant parents and their children in order to improve the average wealth of all citizens in the United States.

International Statistics

  • UNICEF – The State of the World’s Children The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund annually releases a report on the health of children globally, taking into account immunization records, developmental quotients, and nutrition ratings for examples. The report offers both a comprehensive statement about the facts it has gathered for the year of the report as well as easily accessible Excel spreadsheets containing straightforward statistical tables on the categories it tracks.
  • United Nations – Convention on the Rights of the Child Built on varied legal systems and cultural traditions, the Convention is a universally agreed set of non-negotiable standards and obligations. These basic standards—also called human rights—set minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be respected by governments. They are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each individual, regardless of race, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, birth status or ability and therefore apply to every human being everywhere. With these rights comes the obligation on both governments and individuals not to infringe on the parallel rights of others. These standards are both interdependent and indivisible; we cannot ensure some rights without—or at the expense of—other rights.
  • Global Campaign for Violence Prevention The Global Campaign for Violence Prevention serves as the main platform for implementing the recommendations of the World report on violence and health. The campaign objectives are to raise awareness about the problem of violence, highlight the crucial role that public health can play in addressing its causes and consequences and encourage preventive action at every level of society.
  • Violence and Injury Prevention, Chapter 3 The World Health Organization annually releases a report on violence and injuries around the world, and Chapter 3 of the report, entitled ‘Child Abuse and Neglect by Parents and Other Caregivers’, goes into great detail about the statistics of child abuse and neglect in developing third-world nations such as India and the Philippines.
  • World Perspectives on Child Abuse: Seventh Addition Since 1992, The International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect has published enlightening reports on the various prevalent topics of child abuse in the hopes of identifying incidents before they have a chance to occur. The report draws upon common sources of statistics such as those provided by UNICEF with unique insights into their implications provided by the brilliant writers of the society. The awe shocking uniqueness of the report, however, comes from its presentation of several nation’s individual struggles against abuse including, but not limited to Cambodia, Brazil, and Australia.
  • Domestic & Teen Violence

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    U.S. Bureau of Justice

  • Intimate Partner Violence in the U.S. The Bureau of Justice Statistics department, in addition to the multiple case studies and secondary analysis reports it hosts on behalf of itself and the doctors it sponsors via grants, has set up a summarized statistics report on all the major issues in intimate partner violence for those with slower internet connections. The page covers the nature of assaults, profiles of the victims and perpetrators, circumstances behind the assault, and the follow-ups to both medical professionals and law enforcement made by the victims.
  • Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-2001 Covering a little less than a decade’s worth of information, this two page report released by the Bureau of Justice illustrates with simple statistical tables the nature of domestic violence assaults, their resultant outcomes, the genders involved, and the overall trends observed by statisticians over the 8 year period of time the report presents data on.
  • Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-1998 While using older, somewhat outdated data, the Intimate Partner Violence report is still a highly useful tool for anyone wishing to gather the facts on partner violence in America. Amongst other topics, it details the severity of assault, nature of the assault and the injuries received, as well as the reasoning behind those victims who weren’t willing to give their testimony to the police. This report presents trends in intimate partner violence by sex, and examines intimate partner violence against women by the victim’s age, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, and household composition. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes reported and not reported to the police from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households.
  • Centers for Disease Control Violence Prevention In 1979, violent behavior was identified by the U.S. Surgeon General as a key public health priority. Shortly thereafter, in 1980, CDC began studying patterns of violence. These early activities grew into a national program to reduce the death and disability associated with injuries outside the workplace. In 1992, CDC established the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) as the lead federal organization for violence prevention. The Division of Violence Prevention (DVP) is one of three divisions within NCIPC. The Division's mission is to prevent injuries and deaths caused by violence.
      For child Maltreatment, see section on Child abuse
  • Intimate Partner Violence:
  • National Criminal Justice Referral Service (NCJRS) Established in 1972, NCJRS is a federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide.
  • Factors Related to Domestic Violence Court Dispositions in a Large Urban Area Using a Department of Justice grant, Dr. Dee Graham and Joanne Belknap developed this 238 page report to bring into the focus the role of the courts in their successes and failures in convicting perpetrators of domestic violence. The report covers everything from case studies on judges’ opinions and attitudes towards both victims and perpetrators of domestic violence to data regarding the reluctance of the victims themselves in helping attorneys and judges successfully convict individuals who commit acts of domestic violence.
  • Report on the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women; Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence In conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, the Department of Justice has compiled a massive collection of various pieces of data into a single report detailing aspects of violence against women across the board. The report includes sexual assault, physical assault, emotional abuse, and intimate partner violence, both for minors and adults. The report also lays out in detail the numbers associated with the consequences of such violence, as well as the ability and willingness of women to seek medical and legal help against those who’ve made them victims. In addition to the main report, the Department of Justice released a separate report on intimate partner violence that takes the data released previously for the purpose of a detailed secondary analysis. The report on intimate partner violence covers topics such as race as a factor in partner violence, the point in a relationship in which violence is most likely to occur, as well as the frequency and duration of the acts of violence. Both reports provide massive amounts of data, with detailed analysis from brilliant men and women across the wide spectrum of fields associated with these issues in our society.
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, Annual The annual report on School Crime and Safety takes the viewpoint of teachers, students, and parents across America and releases collective data on various issues surrounding all levels of schooling in which minors are involved. The report covers a majority of violence related issues in schools and the data sets related to those issues, including but not limited to drug use, victimization by peers, and disciplinary actions taken up with minors to prevent further incidents of rule violations.
  • Violence Against Women’s Act. Under the leadership of then-Senator Joe Biden, Congress recognized the severity of violence against women and our need for a national strategy with the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act in 1994. This landmark federal legislation’s comprehensive approach to violence against women combined tough new provisions to hold offenders accountable with programs to provide services for the victims of such violence.
  • Teen Dating Violence
    • Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General In order to better understand the circumstances behind youth violence in current day America and further explore the reasoning behind the mentality of today’s youth that partake in such violence, the surgeon general has released an intensive report on all aspects of modern youth related violence from a variety of perspectives, with the main focus being on violent acts that promote serious injury or death. The report offers the standard array of statistics on youth violence, but its uniqueness and importance comes from the fact that it takes a more developmental approach to its analysis, aiming to arm Development Psychologists with new weapons in recognizing violent tendencies and preventing dangerous acts of violence before they have a chance of occurring.
  • Center for Disease Control: Understanding Youth Violence
      As part of the CDC’s never ending efforts to better educate the American public about the major public health concerns that plague current day America, it has released two one page reports on teen & youth violence; one providing generalized facts on common facets of violence, and the other being an analysis of those common facets in order to provide a better understanding on how we as citizens can help eliminate these issues.
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance – United States 2013
  • Miscellaneous Organizations

  • Domestic Violence: Risk Factors and Outcomes Hosted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information, Daniel Berrios and Deborah Grady explore the abuse history, type of relationship between batterer and victim, and the type and location of injury sustained using a sample group of 218 women who were admitted to emergency rooms on domestic violence related injuries.
  • Adverse Health Conditions and Health Risk Behaviors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence Using statistics found in previous reports, the CDC presents with this page further information about intimate partner violence by exploring the correlations between victims and later adopted health risk behaviors and general ailments that were contracted such as cancer, smoking, and various psychological disorders.
  • International Statistics

  • The World Health Organization
  • World Report on Violence and Health, Chapter 2, Youth Violence The World Health Organization, in its objectives to educate and therefore eliminate violence in all its forms across the world, has released a detailed report on statistics relating to lack of health and violence around the globe, with chapter 2 of the report being focused solely on youth violence. The report covers everything from homicide to bullying, and reports on a variety of nations ranging from Austria to Wales.
  • World Report on Violence and Health, Chapter 4, Intimate Partner Violence The World Health Organization, in its objectives to educate and therefore eliminate violence in all its forms across the world, especially in developing nations without the support of violence prevention programs, released a 2002 report on Violence and Health, with Chapter 4 of the report being specifically designated to the subject of Intimate Partner Violence. The chapter releases hard-to-find statistics on many underreported nations including but not limited to Chile, Nicaragua, and Egypt, and covers all the major issues including duration, profile of victims and perpetrators, and responses made by victims.
  • Violence against women Intimate partner and sexual violence against wtomen - Factsheet
  • UN Women
    • UN Women is the UN organization dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. A global champion for women and girls, UN Women was established to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide.
    • Facts and Figures Ending Violence against Women